Transitvity Analysis: Activity Delineation in Short Story “Harry Potter Prequel” by J.K. Rowling

Yessi Ratna Sari


It is transitivity that every word has its function and reflect different experience. Transitivity system consists of participant, process, and circumstance. The transitivity system is applied in the short story by J.K Rowling. The purpose of writing this article is to find out the implementation of transitivity system accompanied by functions in each process found in each clause, so that the correct meaning can be obtained. Therefore, this research uses the Functional Grammar theory proposed by Halliday which discusses the function of the clause. The results show that there are 6 types of processes, namely material process, mental process, relational process, behavioral process, verbal process, and existential process, 14 types of participants, namely actor, target, goal, range, carrier, senser, attribute, token, value, phenomenon, behaver, sayer, subject, and existent, and 5 types of circumstances, namely circumstance of time, circumstance of place, circumstance of manner, circumstance of accommodation, and circumstance of cause. Based on the research results, the writer concludes that the author tends to use a material process that emphasizes the many activities carried out by participants. The activities carried out by participants are also supported by other processes. The processes contributed to the creation of a tense atmosphere among the two police officers and the two boys in reaction to the boys’ actions. Other thing that supports the occurrence of these processes is the existence of circumstance.

Full Text:



Akhter, T. (2020). Literature and Society: A Critical Analysis of Literary Text through Contemporary Theory. Talent Development & Excellence, 12(3), 2228–2234.

Anshar, R. U., & Setiyono, J. (2020). Duties and Functions of the Police as Law Enforcerment in the Perspective of Pancasila. Jurnal Pembangunan Hukum Indonesia, 2(3), 359–372.

Butt, D. et al. (2000). Using Functional Grammar An Explorer ’ s Guide Second Edition. Sydney: Macquire University.

Creswell, J. W. (2009). Research Design: Qualitative, Quantitave, and Mixed Methods Approaches third edition. Thousand Oaks: SAGE Publications, Inc.

Halima, S. A. (2019). The Transitivity Process in the Short Story “He” by Katherine Anne Porter. 1–74. Retrieved from“He”_by_Katherine_Anne_Porter_-_Sayyida_Amira_Halima_.pdf

Halliday, M. A. K., & Matthiessen, C. M. I. M. (2004). An Introduction to Functional Grammar third edition. London: Oxford University Press Inc.

Halliday, M. A. K., & Matthiessen, C. M. I. M. (2014). Halliday’s Introduction to Functional Grammar: Fourth Edition. In Halliday’s Introduction to Functional Grammar: Fourth Edition. Oxon: Routledge.

Klarer, M. (2013). An introduction to literary studies. In An Introduction to Literary Studies (second edi). London: Routledge.

Kurnia, D. (2018). The Transitivity Analysis of Short Story No Witchcraft for Sale by Doris Lessing. Retrieved from THESIS FIX.pdf

Sameer, I. H., & Al Dilaimy, H. H. (2020). Ideational Aspect of Systemic Functional Grammar in Bush’s and Al-Assad’s First Inaugural Speech. Talent Development & Excellence, 12(2), 1203–1218.

Sari, Y. R., & Gempita, G. I. (2020). The Manifestation of Classism in the Astro Boy Animation. Lingua Susastra, 1(2), 82–91.

Syed, A. F., Nazir, A., Hafiz, A., & Shahbaz, K. (2021). A Transitivity Analysis of Female Characters in “The Boarding House” By James Joyce. 7(1), 57–62.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Analytics JSHP Visitor Stats

 Creative Commons License

JSHP is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.